Develop a Budget

While the budget format and detail will vary with individual sponsors, a typical budget includes the items detailed below. Your Proposal Analyst will work with you to draft a comprehensive budget.

Salaries and Wages

Faculty and Staff

  • PI’s are required to show effort. Sponsors expect a commitment of effort from the principal investigator for conducting the work, over-seeing students, preparing deliverables, writing reports, etc.
  • ORA calculates your salary by using either a percentage of effort or by the daily rate multiplied by your institutional base salary and an escalation factor.

Students

Fringe Benefits
Materials and Supplies
  • Materials and supplies are defined by federal regulations as:
    • consumable supplies, regardless of cost
    • equipment with a unit value of under $5,000 or a useful life of less than 2 years
  • Lab analysis and user fees are separate from supplies
  • General office supplies are not allowable unless related to specific research activities
Equipment
  • Capital equipment, including fabricated equipment, is defined by federal regulation as:
    • all property of a capital nature, complete in itself (stands alone)
    • has a useful life of more than one year
    • has a unit cost of $5,000 or more
  • Sponsors may want to see a price list, vendor quote or other specifications from the manufacturer
  • Equipment comprised of individual components valued at $5000 or less and combined into a single functioning unit is considered fabricated equipment
Travel
  • All travel must comply with Mines Travel Policy
  • Travel costs include:
    • number of travelers
    • travel to and from destination
    • duration of trip
    • per diem
    • lodging
    • ground transportation
    • conference registration fees
  • International travel and domestic travel must be budgeted separately
    • Sponsors often require prior approval for international travel
Subrecipients and Contractors
  • Subrecipients and contractors (i.e. consultants) must be identified separately and correctly in any proposed budget.

This distinction is critical as it will determine what costs will be included in the calculation for indirect costs, the documents required to be received by the third party and the level of justification needed to be included in the budget justification. Use this Subcontractor or Contractor Determination Form to assist in making an evaluation for your research project.

Subrecipient means a non‐Federal entity that receives a subaward from a pass‐through entity to carry out part of a Federal program; but does not include an individual that is a beneficiary of such program. A subrecipient may also be a recipient of other Federal awards directly from a Federal awarding.

Contractor means an entity that receives a contract as defined in Contract.  Contract means a legal instrument by which a non‐Federal entity purchases property or services needed to carry out the project or program under a Federal award.

  • Subrecipients must provide:
  • Contractors must provide:
    • statement of work
    • quote(s) to justify the cost listed in the Mines budget
    • sponsor-mandated forms
Indirect Costs
  • Calculate indirect costs by multiplying your indirect cost rate by your Modified Total Direct Cost (MTDC) base
  • Mines’ approved indirect cost rates are negotiated with our cognizant audit agency, the Office of Naval Research
  • MTDC is calculated by excluding the following items from the total direct costs:
    • capital expenditures (buildings, individual items of equipment, alterations and renovations)
    • the portion of each subaward in excess of $25,000
    • participant support costs
    • graduate student tuition, fees and insurance
  • If a solicitation mandates use of a specific indirect cost rate, approval from the PIs department head is required prior to proposal submission
Budget Templates

Get started on developing your budget or justification with the these templates!

Cost Share

Notify your Proposal Analyst at least two weeks in advance for any proposal which includes cost share, whether it’s Mines or third-party cost share. For further support see Cost Share Guidance.